Sexual orientation and gender identity change efforts (SOGICE)—sometimes called “conversion” or “reparative” therapy—refer to practices that attempt to repress and alter a person’s sexual orientation from lesbian, gay, or bisexual to heterosexual or gender identity from transgender to cisgender. Major professional organizations oppose SOGICE (e.g., the American Medical Association, the American Psychological Association).With substantial evidence of serious harms associated with exposure to SOGICE, particularly for minors, states (and multiple cities and counties) have passed bipartisan laws or regulations prohibiting SOGICE.

Other Authors
  1. Jessica Fish, PhD, University of Maryland-- College Park