The adolescent health consequences of the school-to-prison pipeline remain underexplored. We test whether initiating components of the school-to-prison pipeline—suspensions, expulsions, and school policing—are associated with higher school-average levels of student substance use, depressed feelings, and developmental risk in the following year.

Other Authors
  1. Seth J. Prins
  2. Ruth T. Shefner
  3. Sandhya Kajeepeta
  4. Mark L. Hatzenbuehler
  5. Charles C. Branas
  6. Lisa R. Metsch